In my first year at college, a student approached me after class to ask a question.
“How did you remember that one sentence in the assigned chapter that answered the professor’s question, man?” At the time, my answer was lame (and the irony is that I can’t remember the professors question or my answer):
“I just read the material.”
Though not exciting, that was the correct answer at the time. I would skim the chapter, and then read it soon after. Since then, I have refined my textbook reading technique into a phased approach.
It works for me, but it is by no means the “only” way to get through an assigned reading. At the very least, I hope it will help you create an approach that works best for you.
Phase 1: The Set-Up
Set Aside Time
My usual is 4 hours in a morning for one subject, 4 hours the same afternoon for another subject. If pressed, I can add additional reading or assignments (or a social life) to the middle of the day or evening.
If you’re taking a course that has a regular schedule, a regulated reading schedule will be helpful. The routine will make it easier to actually do the reading instead of putting it off until later. It will also make it easier for your brain to categorize and retain the information.
Grab a glass of water. Fill a cup of coffee. Make your lunch. Whatever makes your study time comfortable and allows you to retain information; do it.
I study at my dining table. Always.
Just like the consistent timing of a study session, the consistent place will help you retain information. It can also help with the next step.
Turn off the cell phone. Log off Facebook. Disconnect from the internet. Lock your front door. Seriously.
This is the most important step. Do it right. You are trying to create knowledge, so focus on that instead of the world around you.
Phase 2: Information Intake
Know What You’re Getting Into
Read the chapter overview. It’s there for a reason: to tell you what you’re about to read.
Read the End First
Just like an awful novel you don’t feel obligated to read completely.
A well written chapter summary is worth its weight in gold. It should tell you what you can expect from the chapter and the author’s writing style.
If the summaries in your textbook suck, write a list of the reasons why and discuss them with your professor. Generally they choose the textbook for the course, so will appreciate the feedback. If they don’t, then they aren’t much of a professor.
Skim the chapter
Read definitions of key terms. Highlight sections that grab your attention. Take a look over charts and graphics.
At this stage, you don’t need to think about the information. By this point, you should have a general sense of what the chapter is trying to say. If questions come to mind, write them down and try to answer them in the next phase.
Take a 5 minute break. Mentally bounce what you just read around in your mind. There is no need to draw conclusions.
Phase 3: Knowledge Creation
Other than removing distractions, this is the most critical phase. It will take time. It may not be easy. However, it will help you get what you need from the textbook.
Read the chapter word for word. Re-read the summary. Take the time to consider definitions in a way that will help you understand what the term means.
Highlight key concepts. Think about them, too. Ask yourself “what does this concept mean in the context of this class and my life? How can I apply it?”
While reading, take notes based on how you understand what you are reading; you can always check your understanding with your professor. These will be useful in class and later in life. The way that you understand the content is more important than how the textbook presents it. Exact format is unimportant: mind maps are effective, but you may find other forms of notes to be more effective.
If there are example exercises, do at least a few of them. This is especially important for math-heavy classes. Do the math; it will make your in-class and in-exam life less painful.
Re-read sections that do not make sense. Take a 5 minute break to consider a section if it still does not make sense. Write down questions.
Reading needs to be done first; however, review is just as important for retention of information and creating knowledge.
Open the textbook to the appropriate chapter, read over your notes, highlighted concepts, and sections that didn’t quite make sense. Consider how it could apply to your life or how you assume it applies to the context of the class associated to the textbook. Think of examples of putting the chapter concepts to use. Spend at least 10-20 minutes reflecting on the material.
Review in a way that fits the class material. For dense and complex textbooks like those I read for psychology and consumer behaviour classes, I recommend taking additional time for review. When I took those classes, I would dedicate the first 4 hour session to reading with some time to review, and then a 2-3 hour block either the next day or later in the same day to review and re-skim the chapter.
Organize and collect your notes. Close the textbook.
You’re done…for now.
Phase 4: Final Review
Re-skim the chapter and your notes the night before or the day of (if you have the time) class. I know some students that re-read the entire chapter. Write down any new understandings of the material that come to mind as you revisit it; same for questions.
Bring your knowledge to class. Answer questions. Ask questions. Feel smart.
How do you read your textbooks? Is there a specific ritual like the one I’ve described? Tell us about it in ta comment.